Guide to Granny Crochet: Squares, Circles, Hearts, Stripes and More

The granny square is perhaps the most iconic motif in the craft of crochet. However, the square is just the beginning of what you can do with the granny stitch. Learn how to adapt the granny square to make granny circles, triangles, pentagons, hexagons, rectangles, hearts, and rows.

Basics to Know About Granny Crochet

What makes a motif a “granny” motif? The granny stitch consists of groups of 3 dc stitches separated by spaces. That’s what you will find in common across all granny crochet motifs. Here are a few more things that are helpful to know about crocheting with the granny stitch:

  • The sides of granny motifs are worked with sets of 3 dc stitches separated by spaces. The spaces are sometimes created using a ch-1 or ch-2 (and even occasionally a ch-3) but they may also be created by simply skipping stitches without a chain. This varies from pattern to pattern. It’s helpful to know because if you find that a motif is too tight, you might want to vary it by adding a chain between sets of dc stitches. Likewise, if the motif seems too loose, and the pattern has you doing a ch-2 then you should try a ch-1 or even no chain space.
  • Corners of granny motifs are worked with two sets of 3 dc stitches separated by a space. In most corners, you will work 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc. As with sides, though, this can vary. You may find that you have a smaller or larger chain space between the two sets of 3 dc. You may occasionally find that it isn’t even 3 dc but rather 2 dc. Pay attention the pattern but feel empowered to fiddle with the corners to make the granny shapes look exactly like you want them to look.

How to Crochet a Granny Square

Let’s begin with a classic crochet granny square, which is where this motif seems to have begun. Nowadays you may find people calling any crochet square a “granny square” but the fact is that the original granny square used the granny stitch as described above. Here’s how to crochet a classic granny square:

Round one:

  • Chain 4
  • 2 dc in 4th ch from stitch; this creates your first grouping of 3 dc stitches
  • Ch 2; this creates your first chain space, which is your first corner
  • 3 dc in same stitch
  • Ch 2, 3 dc twice more; this creates your second and third corners (and third and fourth sides)
  • Ch 2 (for your final corner) and slip stitch to the top of your ch 4 to close the round

Round two:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc) and work 2 dc into the same corner space
  • Work the following into the next chain space (which is your next corner): 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc
  • Repeat previous step twice
  • Now it’s time to complete the corner that you started in the beginning. To do this, you will 3 dc into the same corner where you started, ch 2 and sl st to the top of your chain 3 to close the round.

Round three:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc) and work 2 dc into the same corner space
  • Work 3 dc into next space; (this is not a corner, you’re working on the first side)
  • Work a corner: 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc
  • Repeat previous two steps
  • Work 3 dc into space on final side
  • Complete the first corner that you started: 3 dc in corner, ch 2, sl st to top of first ch 3 to close round

From this point on, you’ll basically be repeating round three. The only difference is that each round will have more groups of 3 dc stitches on each side, since it is growing larger. You will always work 3 dc into the spaces on the sides and 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc to create corners. Here’s what round 4 looks like:

Round four:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc) and work 2 dc into the same corner space
  • Work 3 dc into each of next two spaces
  • Work a corner: 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc
  • Repeat previous two steps
  • Work 3 dc into each of next two spaces
  • Complete the first corner that you started: 3 dc in corner, ch 2, sl st to top of first ch 3 to close round

Note: This is how to crochet a classic granny square. There are variations on it, especially for how to start it (you can begin with a magic ring for example). There are also many advanced granny squares that incorporate a flower or other design in the center before creating the square. Begin by learning this basic version and you’ll have the skills necessary to move forward with other square patterns. You can also learn how to square any crochet circle.

How to Crochet a Granny Heart

Let’s look next at a crochet granny heart since it begins exactly like a crochet granny square. Note that there are several ways to make a granny heart; this one is a common three-round granny heart

The crochet granny heart begins with the first two rounds as a granny square. As mentioned in the introduction, there are variations on granny stitch in terms of spacing. In the regular granny square, your sets of dc are separated by ch 2. You can do that when crocheting a granny heart but it’s recommended that you use a larger ch 3 space instead.

Round one:

  • Chain 4
  • 2 dc in 4th ch from stitch; this creates your first grouping of 3 dc stitches
  • Ch 3; this creates your first chain space, which is your first corner
  • 3 dc in same stitch
  • Ch 3, 3 dc twice more; this creates your second and third corners (and third and fourth sides)
  • Ch 3 (for your final corner) and slip stitch to the top of your ch 4 to close the round

Likewise, this larger granny square works better if you have a ch-1 stitch between the sets of 3 dc. Here’s how that looks:

Round two:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc) and work 2 dc into the same corner space
  • Chain one. Then work the following into the next chain space (which is your next corner): 3 dc, ch 3, 3 dc
  • Repeat previous step twice.
  • Chain one. 3 dc into the same corner where you started, ch 3 and sl st to the top of your chain 3 to close the round.

In the third round you will use treble crochet and single crochet stitches to turn your square into a heart.

Round three:

  • Ch 4 (counts as first treble crochet). Work 11 more tr into the first ch 1 sp
  • Slip stitch into next ch-3 sp.
  • 12 tr in next ch 1 sp
  • Sc in next ch-3 sp
  • Sc in each of next 7 stitches (includes the ch-1 sp between the sets of 3 dc)
  • 3 dc in next ch-3 sp’ this makes the “point” at the bottom of the heart
  • Sc in each remaining st (including the ch-1 spaces)
  • Sl st to top of ch-4 to close round.

How to Crochet a Granny Pentagon

Once you know how to crochet a classic granny square, it’s pretty easy to learn how to crochet motifs with more than just four sides. Let’s begin with a pentagon – a five-sided shape.

Round one:

  • Ch 5 (counts as first dc and ch-1)
  • Dc in 5th ch from hook, ch 1
  • Repeat (dc, ch 1) for a total of 10 dc stitches separated by ch-1 spaces.
  • Slip stitch to 4th st of ch 5 to close round

Note: A pentagon is a five-sided motif. You will begin with 10 dc stitches, which is 5 x 2. If you want to make motifs with more sides, you will begin with dc in the amount of the number of sides x 2. For example, as you will see later, a 6-sided hexagon begins with 12 dc stitches each separated by ch-1.

Round two:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc), dc in same sp, ch 1
  • 2 dc, ch 1 in each sp around
  • Sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

Round three:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc), 2 dc in same sp, ch 1
  • 3 dc, ch 1 in each sp around; you might notice that this is where you’ve begin the classic granny stitch of 3 dc separated by spaces.
  • Sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

Now it’s time to turn the circle into a pentagon. This is done by creating your five corners.

Round four:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc), work 2 dc into same sp
  • Work 3 dc into next sp
  • Work a corner into the next sp by doing the following: 3 dc, ch 1, 3 dc
  • Repeat previous two steps around; (you’ll end with 3 dc on the last side)
  • End by adding 3 dc, ch 1 to the same sp where you started and sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

Rounds 5 and up:

You can grow your granny pentagon the same way that you would grow a granny square – working corners (3 dc, ch , 3 dc) in each corner and working 3 dc into each sp along the sides. For round five that looks like:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc), work 2 dc into same sp
  • Work 3 dc into each of next 2 sp
  • Work a corner into the next sp by doing the following: 3 dc, ch 1, 3 dc
  • Repeat previous two steps all the way around; (you’ll end with two sets of 3 dc on the last side)
  • Finish by adding 3 dc, ch 1 to the same sp where you started and sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

How to Crochet a Granny Hexagon

The crochet granny hexagon is going to be very similar to the pentagon, but you begin with more dc in the center and that allows you to create more sides and corners. Seeing how to grow from a pentagon to a hexagon should give you a sense of how to make shapes with more sides as well, such as a granny octagon.

Round one:

  • Ch 5 (counts as first dc and ch-1)
  • Dc in 5th ch from hook, ch 1
  • Repeat (dc, ch 1) for a total of 12 dc stitches separated by ch-1 spaces.
  • Slip stitch to 4th st of ch 5 to close round

Round two:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc), dc in same sp, ch 1
  • 2 dc, ch 1 in each sp around
  • Sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

Round three:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc), 2 dc in same sp, ch 1
  • 3 dc, ch 1 in each sp around
  • Sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

Round four:

  • Ch 3 (counts as first dc), work 2 dc into same sp
  • Work 3 dc into next sp
  • Work a corner into the next sp by doing the following: 3 dc, ch 1, 3 dc
  • Repeat previous two steps around, ending with a set of 3 dc in the last ch sp on the side
  • Finish by adding 3 dc, ch 1 to the same sp where you started and sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

You should now have your six sides, and six corners. You can grow the motif by working “corners” in each corner and adding sets of 3 dc in each space on the sides.

How to Crochet a Granny Circle

You might have noticed that the crochet pentagon and hexagon begin with a circle in the first three rounds. You can grow that circle out to create a crochet granny circle. Let’s look at one method.

Rounds 1 – 3: Follow the instructions for rounds 1-3 on the granny hexagon pattern above.

Round 4:

  • Ch 3 and work 2 dc into same sp
  • Ch 1, 3 dc in next sp
  • Repeat that pattern around
  • End with ch 1 and sl st into the top of first ch 3 to close round

Round 5:

In this round, you will essentially work a “corner” into every ch-1 sp

  • Ch 3, 2 dc in same sp
  • Work 3 dc, ch 1, dc into next sp and each subsequent sp all the way around
  • 3 dc, ch 1 in the same sp where you started, sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

If you want to make a bigger circle, repeat round 4 twice then repeat round 5.

Alternative Way to Start a Crochet Granny Circle

As you begin to work with granny motifs, you will see that there are often different ways of beginning them that still lead to creating the classic granny style. Here is an example of a second crochet granny circle pattern that begins differently than the one above.

Round one:

  • Chain 4, dc in fourth ch from hook, ch 1
  • 2 dc, ch 1; repeat four more times
  • Sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

Round two:

  • Ch 3, dc in same sp, ch 1
  • dc2tog, ch 1, dc 2 tog all in next sp
  • Repeat previous step in each sp around
  • When you get back to your starting sp, dc2tog, ch 1 and sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

Note: If you are an experienced crocheter, you can begin this round with a dc2tog instead of a ch 3, dc in same sp.

Round 3:

  • Ch 3, 2 dc in same sp, ch 1
  • 3 dc in next sp, ch 1
  • Repeat all the way around
  • When you get back to your starting point, sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

You should notice that at this point you have 12 sets of 3 dc stitches, which is what you had in round 3 of the hexagon and the previous circle. To grow the circle. Follow steps 4 and 5 from the previous circle’s instructions.

How to Crochet a Granny Rectangle

A crochet granny rectangle can be crocheted in a round or in rows. For that matter, so can a granny square even though it’s almost always worked in the round. We’ll look first at working a crochet rectangle in the round and then later in this article you will learn how to crochet granny stripes, which can be worked as squares or rectangles based on the width / height chosen for the work.

Crochet a multiple of 3. This sample is done with ch 18

Round one:

  • You will begin by creating your first two corners. Work all of the following into the fourth chain from hook: 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc
  • Skip two, work 3 dc in next st
  • Repeat across (three more times if you’ve started with ch 18)
  • Make your next two corners by working all of the following into the last stitch:  3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc, ch 2, 3

You are still on round 1, working on the opposite side of the starting chain.

  • Sk 2, 3 dc in next st
  • Repeat around; your sets of dc stitches should be opposite those on the other side of the ch
  • Sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

Round 2

Begin with ch 3

Work your first two corners: 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc in first corner and 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc in next corner

3 dc in each space until you reach the corners

Work the corners as normal (3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc in each corner) and work 3 dc in each sp around the side. End with 2 dc in last sp and sl st to ch 3 to close round.

Round 3

Even numbered rows will all begin like round 2, while odd numbered rows will instead begin this way: Ch 3, 2 dc in same sp (the difference is that even rows begin with a ch 3 only and you do the 2 dc at the end of the round; the rounds look the same when all is said and done).

Work corners and sides as normal. You will begin to see sets of 3 dc on the short sides now as well, since the rectangle has grown large enough.

So for round three:

  • 3 dc, ch 2 3 dc in corner
  • 3 dc in sp
  • 3 dc, ch 2 3 dc in next corner

  • 3 dc in each sp across long side
  • 3 dc, ch 2 3 dc in corner
  • 3 dc in sp
  • 3 dc, ch 2 3 dc in next corner
  • 3 dc in each sp and sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

Continue to grow the rectangle as large as you wish by repeating rounds 2 and 3.

How to Crochet a Granny Triangle

There are two main ways that you can crochet a granny triangle: in rows and in the round. Rounds are the more traditional method and grow quickly in the same manner as the classic granny square.

How to Crochet a Granny Triangle in the Round

Round one:

  • Ch 4, 2 dc in 4th ch from hook
  • Ch 3 (for sp), 3 dc in same spot
  • Repeat previous step
  • Ch 3, sl st to top of ch 4 to close round

Note: As mentioned in the intro, granny motifs vary in their spacing. If you don’t like how the shape of your triangle is turning out or it’s not quite as flat as you want, try working ch 2 instead of ch 3.

Round two of the granny triangle is the same as round two of a classic granny square in that you’re working a corner in each corner;it’s just that you have three corners instead of four.

Round two:

  • Ch 3, 2 dc in same sp
  • 3 dc, ch 2 3 dc in next sp
  • Repeat previous step
  • 3 dc, ch 2, sl st to close round

Round three:

  • Ch 3, 2 dc in same sp
  • 3 dc in next sp
  • 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc in next sp
  • Repeat previous two steps around, ending with 3 dc in the sp on the last side of the triangle
  • Finish by working 3 dc, ch 2 in the same sp where you began the round and sl st to top of ch 3 to close round

 

You should be able to see at this point that you’re working a triangle in much the same way as the square: working corners in corners and 3 dc into the spaces on the sides. Continue growing it accordingly.

How to Crochet a Granny Triangle in Rows

Row 1: Ch 4, 2 dc in 4th ch from hook

Row 2: Ch 3 to turn, 2 dc in same st, ch 1, 3 dc in last st of row

Row 3:

  • Ch 3 to turn
  • 2 dc in same sp
  • Ch 1
  • 3 dc in sp
  • ch 1
  • 3 dc in last st

Subsequent rows are grown in the same manner as row 3, working 3 dc in the first and last stitches of the row and each ch 1 sp. Let’s look at a few more rows:

Row 4: Ch 3 to turn, 2 dc in same st, ch 1, 3 dc, ch 1, 3 dc, ch 1, 3 dc in last st

Row 5:

  • Ch 3 to turn, 2 dc in same st
  • Ch 1, 3 dc, (three times)
  • Ch 1, 3 dc in last st

Optional edging:

When worked in rows, the granny triangle can look a little ragged around the edges. If you don’t like this unfinished look, slip stitch in each stitch around to get a more polished edge.

How to Crochet Granny Stitch in Rows

The granny triangle pattern gives us an idea that granny stitch can be worked in rows, not just in rounds. This can be used to create rectangles (and squares) of all sizes. You can crochet classic granny stripes or even work them into a chevron stripe pattern.

How to Crochet Granny Stripes

Begin with a. foundation row that’s a multiple of 3 + 2.

Row one:

  • Dc in 4th ch from hook
  • Sk 2, 3 dc in next st
  • Repeat across until three stitches remain
  • Sk 2, work 2 dc into last st.

Row two:

  • Ch 3 to turn.
  • 3 dc in next sp and each sp across
  • Dc in last st

 

Row three:

  • Ch 3 to turn. 2 dc in same sp.
  • 3 dc in each sp across.

Row four (and all subsequent even numbered rows): Repeat row 2

Row five (and all subsequent odd numbered rows): Repeat row 3

How to Crochet Chevron Granny Stripes

Finally, you can combine the classic granny stitch with the classic chevron stitch to create the granny chevron stripe.

Begin with a chain that is a multiple of 18.

Row 1:

  • 3 dc in 5th ch from hook; (this creates dc, ch 1, 3 dc)
  • Sk 2, 3 dc
  • Sk 2, 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc all in same st; (this is almost like working a “corner” in a granny square; it creates the “peak” of the chevron)
  • (Sk 2, 3 dc) twice
  • Sk 5, 3 dc (the big skip starts to create the “dip” of the chevron)
  • Repeat the previous steps as many times as necessary to reach the end of the row. You should have 1 stitch remaining. Dc in that stitch.

Row 2 (and all subsequent rows):

  • Ch 4, 3 dc in next sp
  • Sk 2, 3 dc in next sp
  • 3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc in next sp
  • (Sk 2, 3 dc in next sp) twice
  • 3 dc in next sp; you’ll be skipping over the “dip” to continue deepening it row by row
  • Repeat previous four steps to end of row. Dc in last st at end of row.
How to Crochet Granny techniques | Learn 9 granny stitch techniques | Guide to Granny Crochet: Squares, Circles, Hearts, Stripes and More

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